Condition -
PTSD

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it.

Many people who survived severely traumatic events will develop PTSD. Survivors of combat are the most frequent victims, but it is also experienced by those who have been through other traumatic experiences.

PTSD can be diagnosed also in people who have learned about severe trauma or threat suffered by someone to whom they are close.

Most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary difficulty adjusting and coping, but with time and good self-care, they usually get better. Excluded from this definition are stressful experiences of ordinary life, for instance divorce, serious illness, grief.

If the symptoms get worse, last for months or even years, and cause significant problems in social or work situations and in relationships, interfering with the normal daily tasks, the person may have PTSD.

Patients with PTSD can also express negative feelings such as guilt or personal responsibility (‘’I should have avoid it’’).

Symptoms Include...

Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may start within one month of a traumatic event, but sometimes symptoms may not appear until years after the event.

PTSD symptoms are generally grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in physical and emotional reactions. Symptoms can vary over time or vary from person to person.

Intrusive memories

  • Upsetting dreams about the trauma
  • Flashbacks, repeatedly relive the event as if it was happening again
  • Recurrent and unwanted distressing memories of the event
  • Severe emotional distress or physical reactions to something that reminds you of the traumatic event

Avoidance

  • Trying to avoid thinking about the traumatic event
  • Avoid external reminders of the event such as place, people or

Changes in thinking and mood

  • Inability to remember an important aspect of the traumatic event
  • Negative beliefs or expectations about oneself, others or the world
  • Distorted thinking about the cause or consequences of the event that lead the individual to blame himself/herself or others
  • Difficulty experiencing positive emotions
  • Feeling emotionally numb
  • Difficulty maintaining close relationship

Changes in physical and emotional reactions

  • Exaggerated startel response
  • Hypervigilance
  • Problems with concentration
  • Sleep problems
  • Self-destructive behavior, such as drinking too much or driving too fast
  • Overwhelming guilt or shame
  • Irritable behavior and angry outbursts (with little or no provocation) typically expressed as verbal or physical aggression toward people or objects

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